Quarterly report pursuant to sections 13 or 15(d)


3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2014
Disclosure of Compensation Related Costs, Share-based Payments [Abstract]  
Disclosure of Compensation Related Costs, Share-based Payments [Text Block]
Note G - Share Based Compensation
Valuation of common stock
The Company was privately held with no active public market for its common stock. Therefore, management has for financial reporting purposes determined the estimated per share fair value of the Company’s common stock and redeemable convertible preferred stock using valuation consistent with the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants Practice Aid, “Valuation of Privately-Held Company Equity Securities Issued as Compensation,” also known as the Practice Aid. This valuation was performed with the assistance of a third-party valuation specialist. The Company performed its valuation as of September 1, 2013. In conducting its valuation, management considered all objective and subjective factors that it believed to be relevant, including management’s best estimate of the Company’s business condition, prospects and operating performance at the valuation date. Within the valuation performed, a range of factors, assumptions and methodologies were used. The significant factors included external market conditions affecting the biotechnology industry, trends within the biotechnology industry, the prices at which the Company sold shares of preferred stock, the superior rights and preferences of the preferred stock relative to common stock at the time of each grant, the results of operations, financial position, status of research and development efforts, stage of development and business strategy, the lack of an active public market for the common and preferred stock, and the likelihood of achieving a liquidity event such as an initial public offering (IPO) or sale of the Company in light of prevailing market conditions. Such analysis resulted in an estimated fair value of common stock to be $0.94 per share. Management does not believe there is a significant change in the value of the common stock between September 1, 2013 and March 31, 2014, since the Company had not raised any additional capital or completed any major clinical activities in that period.
Stock Options
In August 2013, the Company adopted the 2013 Equity Compensation Plan (the “Plan”), which provides for the granting of incentive stock options, nonqualified stock options, restricted, stock units, performance units, and stock purchase rights. Options under the Plan may be granted at prices not less than 100% of the fair value of the shares on the date of grant as determined by the Board Committee. The Board Committee determines the period over which the options become exercisable subject to certain restrictions as defined in the Plan, with the current outstanding options generally vesting over three years. The term of the options is no longer than ten years. The Company currently has reserved 8,250,000 shares of common stock for issuance under the plan.
During the twelve months ended December 31, 2013, the Company granted stock options to certain employees and non-employees. Stock-based compensation expense recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2014, includes compensation expense for stock-based awards granted to employees and non-employees based on the grant date fair value estimated in accordance with the provisions of ASC 718 and amounted to approximately $158,000. The unrecognized compensation expense related to stock option grants as of March 31, 2014 was approximately $1,580,000 which will be recognized over approximately the next 2.5 years. During 2013, options granted to employees and directors had a vesting period of 3 years and a term of 10 years. Options granted to non-employees (e.g. consultants/contractors) had a vesting period of 4 years combined with performance targets for vesting a percentage of the grant, with a term of 10 years.
The Plan is the only active plan pursuant to which options to acquire common stock or restricted stock awards can be granted and are currently outstanding. As of March 31, 2014, there were approximately 5,090,000 shares of the Company common stock available for issuance under the Plan.
As of March 31, 2014, the Company had outstanding options to purchase an aggregate of 3,160,000 shares of the Company common stock with an exercise price of $0.94 price. At March 31, 2014, 565,055 options vested at a weighted average exercise price of $0.94 per share. The computation of the aggregate intrinsic value is based upon the difference between the original exercise price of the options and the Company's estimate of the deemed fair value of the Company's common stock at March 31, 2014. The total intrinsic value of options outstanding and vested at March 31, 2014 was deminimus. No options were granted prior to 2013 and none were granted during the three months ended March 31, 2014.
The Company recognizes compensation expense for stock option awards on a straight-line basis over the applicable service period of the award. The service period is generally the vesting period, with the exception of options granted subject to a consulting agreement, whereby the option vesting period and the service period defined pursuant to the terms of the consulting agreement may be different. Stock options issued to consultants are revalued quarterly until fully vested, with any change in fair value expensed. The following weighted-average assumptions were used to calculate share based compensation for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013:
For the three months ended
March 31,
Risk-free interest rate
Dividend yield
Expected life
The expected term of stock options represents the weighted average period the stock options are expected to remain outstanding and is based on the options vesting term, contractual terms, and industry peers as the Company did not have sufficient historical information to develop reasonable expectations about future exercise patterns and post-vesting employment termination behavior.
The expected stock price volatility assumption was determined by examining the historical volatilities for industry peers, as the Company did not have any trading history for the Company’s common stock. The Company will continue to analyze the historical stock price volatility and expected term assumptions as more historical data for the Company’s common stock becomes available.
The risk-free interest rate assumption is based on the U.S treasury instruments whose term was consistent with the expected term of the Company’s stock options
The expected dividend assumption is based on the Company’s history and expectation of dividend payouts. The Company has never paid dividends on its common stock and does not anticipate paying dividends on its common stock in the foreseeable future. Accordingly, the Company has assumed no dividend yield for purposes of estimating the fair value of the Company share-based compensation.
The Company estimates the forfeiture rate at the time of grant and revises, if necessary, were estimated based on management’s expectation through industry knowledge and historical data.
Restricted Stock
The Company granted 500,000 shares of restricted common stock to a third party consultant for services. These shares were fully vested and non-forfeitable at the time of grant, but are restricted to resale over varying periods in 2014. The Company recognized the fair value of the entire grant as a service receivable (disclosed as contra equity) and will recognize expenses as services are rendered over a 12 month period. The value of the restricted stock grant is estimated using the assumed fair market value of the common stock as of date of grant, which was $0.94 a share.