Formation and Reverse Acquisition of Matinas Biopharma Holdings
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2014
|Business Combinations [Abstract]|
|Business Combination Disclosure [Text Block]||
NOTE D - Formation and Reverse Acquisition of Matinas Biopharma Holdings
In May 2013, Holdings was formed solely to prepare the Company for the capital raising transaction described below under “2013 Private Placement”. As part of the formation of Holdings, Holdings sold an aggregate of 7,500,000 shares of Holdings’ common stock and 3,750,000 warrants to purchase 3,750,000 shares of its common stock at an exercise price of $2.00 per share, for an aggregate of $375,000 (at a purchase price of $0.10 for two shares and one warrant), including 2,000,000 shares and warrants to purchase 1,000,000 shares of its common stock to Adam Stern and entities owned by Mr. Stern. Mr. Stern is an affiliate of Aegis Capital Corp., the placement agent in Holdings’ private placement in 2013 described below under 2013 Private Placement and a member of the board of directors of Holdings. The net cash proceeds of $375,000 has been reflected in the total equity for Holdings. The remaining 5,500,000 shares of its common stock and 2,250,000 warrants to purchase 2,250,000 shares of its common stock were sold to third parties, including certain representatives of Aegis Capital Corp., the placement agent for the 2013 Private Placement.
The aggregate proceeds of the units sold ($375,000 gross proceeds) were allocated between the warrants and the common stock based on their relative fair values which amounted to approximately $300,000 allocated to the common stock and $75,000 allocated to the warrants.
In addition, Holdings also offered and sold to Mr. Stern 250,000 warrants to purchase an additional 250,000 shares of its common stock at an exercise price of $2.00 per share, for which he paid $10,000 (at a purchase price of $0.04 per warrant) (the “Formation Warrants”) for his effort in connection with the transaction. These additional Formation Warrants offered to Mr. Stern are compensatory for his services in connection with structuring the formation transaction and were sold at a lower price than the fair value of $0.47 per warrant. The difference of the fair value of the warrants and the cash proceeds in the amount of $108,316 was recorded as acquisition costs incurred in connection with this transaction, and included in general and administrative expenses. Mr. Stern is an affiliate of Aegis Capital Corp., the placement agent in the 2013 Private Placement (the “Placement Agent”), and became a director of Holdings in connection with the transactions described below.
In July 2013, Matinas BioPharma entered into the Merger Agreement with Merger Sub, a wholly owned subsidiary of Holdings. Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, as a condition of and contemporaneously with the initial closing of the 2013 Private Placement, Merger Sub merged with and into Matinas BioPharma and Matinas BioPharma became a wholly owned subsidiary of Holdings.
In connection with the Merger, all shares of common stock and preferred stock of Matinas BioPharma were cancelled, and the stockholders of Matinas BioPharma received an aggregate of 9,000,000 shares (approximately 28.5% of the issued common shares) of Holdings’ common stock and warrants to purchase 1,000,000 shares of Holdings’ common stock at an exercise price of $2.00 per share (the “Merger Warrants”). As a result of this Merger, the shareholders of Matinas BioPharma became shareholders of Holdings, and the respective holdings of management are as follows: Herbert Conrad, Chairman of the Board, who received 351,563 shares of Holdings’ common stock and 250,000 Merger Warrants; Roelof Rongen, President and Chief Executive Officer, who received 3,417,186 shares of Holdings’ common stock, Abdel A. Fawzy, Executive Vice President, Pharmaceutical Development and Supply Chain Development, who received 1,708,593 shares of Holdings’ common stock; George Bobotas, executive vice president and chief scientific officer, and his spouse, who received an aggregate of 1,366,875 shares of Holdings’ common stock; Jerome Jabbour, Executive Vice President, Chief Business Officer and General Counsel, who received 759,374 shares of Holdings’ common stock and Stefano Ferrari, a member of the board of directors, through an entity controlled by him, received 351,563 shares of Holdings’ common stock and 250,000 Merger Warrants.
After consummation of the Merger transaction, the management of Matinas BioPharma became the management of Holdings and the board representatives consisted of four former Board members of Matinas BioPharma and Mr. Adam Stern as the Aegis Capital Corp. nominee. Because Holdings was formed solely to effect the Merger and the 2013 Private Placement, with no operations, and assets consisting solely of cash and cash equivalents, the Company accounted for the Merger as a reverse acquisition. The legal acquirer Matinas BioPharma becomes the successor entity, and its historical results became the historical results for Holdings (the legal acquirer and the registrant).
2013 Private Placement
In July and August 2013, Holdings completed the 2013 Private Placement, under which it sold an aggregate of 15,000,000 shares of its common stock and warrants to purchase an aggregate of 7,500,000 shares of Holdings’ common stock with an exercise price of $2.00 per share, which warrants are exercisable for a period of five years from the initial closing date (the “Investor Warrants”). The aggregate gross proceeds of the units sold ($15.0 million gross proceeds) were allocated between the warrants and the common stock based on their relative fair values which amounted to approximately $11,983,000 allocated to the common stock and $3,017,000 allocated to the warrants. One of the units was sold to Mr. Herbert Conrad for the full offering price of $250,000, and consisted of 250,000 shares of common stock and 125,000 warrants.
Aegis Capital Corp. acted as the Placement Agent for the 2013 Private Placement. The gross proceeds to Holdings from the 2013 Private Placement were $15.0 million. In connection with the 2013 Private Placement, the Placement Agent received a cash placement agent fee of $1.5 million and a non-accountable expense allowance of $450,000. In addition, as part of its compensation for acting as placement agent for the 2013 Private Placement, Holdings issued (x) warrants to the Placement Agent to purchase 750,000 shares of its common stock with an exercise price of $2.00 per share and (y) warrants to the Placement Agent to purchase 1,500,000 shares of its common stock with an exercise price of $1.00 per share. These warrants contain a “cashless exercise” feature and are exercisable at any time prior to July 30, 2018. The fair value of such warrants at the date of issuance was approximately $1.3 million using assumptions similar to those described in Note G and was recorded as part of equity, together with the other sales of common stock and warrants and not as a separate entry in the statement of stockholders equity for this stock issuance cost.
In connection with the closing of the 2013 Private Placement, the Placement Agent had a right to appoint one out of five members of Board of Directors of Holdings for a two-year term from the initial closing (the “Aegis Nominee”). Adam Stern was appointed to the Board of Directors at the initial closing and his successor, if any, will be chosen by the Placement Agent, subject to the reasonable approval of Holdings and the Voting Agreement described below. Holdings agreed to engage the Placement Agent as its warrant solicitation agent in the event the warrants, other than the Placement Agent Warrants, are called for redemption and shall pay a warrant solicitation fee to the Placement Agent equal to five (5%) percent of the amount of funds solicited by the Placement Agent upon the exercise of the warrants following such redemption.
After the consummation of the Merger and the 2013 Private Placement, the former shareholders of Matinas BioPharma held 28.5% of the common stock of Holdings by category of these transactions and approximately 30% when the additional shares purchased by Mr. Conrad in the 2013 Private Placement are included.
The private placement issuance cost totaled approximately $2.4 million of which $1.95 million was related to Placement Agent cash fees and expenses, $425,000 related to external legal costs and the remaining balance in other costs directly and incrementally attributable to the private placement funds raised. These costs are reflected as an offset to additional paid in capital.
Warrant Private Placement
Contemporaneously with the initial closing of the 2013 Private Placement, Holdings offered to all former preferred stockholders of Matinas BioPharma the right to purchase additional warrants with an exercise price of $2.00 per share of its common stock at a purchase price of $0.04 per warrant. Only Mr. Conrad exercised such right. As a result, Holdings sold 500,000 Private Placement Warrants to Herbert Conrad, the Chairman of the Board, for net cash proceeds of $20,000.
Summary of Changes in Capitalization
The following summarizes the capital structure before and after the Merger.
Registration Rights and Other
In connection with the 2013 Private Placement, Holdings entered into a registration rights agreement with the private placement investors, the Placement Agent and the holders of its outstanding warrants. Holdings was required to file with the SEC no later than October 7, 2013 (the “Filing Deadline”), a registration statement covering the resale of the shares of common stock and the shares of common stock underlying the warrants, issued in the 2013 Private Placement, as well as the shares of common stock underlying the Formation Warrants, the Merger Warrants, and the Private Placement Warrants. The Company was also required to use commercially reasonable efforts to have the registration statement declared effective within one hundred and fifty (150) days after the registration statement was filed (the “Effectiveness Deadline”). The Company is required to keep the registration statement continuously effective under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), for a period of one year or for such shorter period ending on the earlier of the date when all the registrable securities covered by the registration statement have been sold or such time as all of the registrable securities covered by the registration statement can be sold under Rule 144 without any volume limitations (the “Effectiveness Period”). If this registration statement was not declared effective on or before the Effectiveness Deadline, Holdings would have been required to pay to each holder of registrable securities purchased in the 2013 Private Placement an amount in cash equal to one half of one percent (0.5%) of such holder’s investment amount on every thirty (30) day anniversary of such Effectiveness Deadline until such failure was cured. The Company’s registration statement was declared effective by the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 12, 2014, therefore no liability for the above provision has been recognized. If the Company does not maintain the effectiveness of the registration statement during the Effectiveness Period, subject to certain limitations and the right of the Company to suspend the use of the prospectus for certain periods, Holdings shall pay to each holder of registrable securities purchased in 2013 Private Placement an amount in cash equal to half of one percent (0.5%) of such holder’s investment amount on every thirty (30) day anniversary of such failure to maintain the registration statement until such failure was cured; provided however that such liquidated damages shall be paid only with respect to registrable securities that cannot then be immediately resold in reliance on Rule 144. No provision has been made as of September 30, 2014 for a potential penalty.
The entire disclosure for a business combination (or series of individually immaterial business combinations) completed during the period, including background, timing, and recognized assets and liabilities. The disclosure may include leverage buyout transactions (as applicable).
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef